A CLOSER LOOK AT REINFORCEMENT

A CLOSER LOOK AT REINFORCEMENT - ACLOSERLOOKATREINFORCEMENT...

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A CLOSER LOOK AT REINFORCEMENT Reinforcement: an event that follows a response and increases the strength of the response and increases the strength of the response and/or the likelihood that it will be repeated Positive Reinforcement: a reward or pleasant consequence that follows a response and increases the probability that the response will be repeated Negative Reinforcement: the termination of an unpleasant stimulus after a response in order to increase the probability that the response will be repeated Primary Reinforcer: a reinforcer that fulfills a basic physical need for survival and does not depend on learning (UNLEARNED)(examples: food, water, sleep, termination of pain) Secondary Reinforcer: a neutral stimulus that becomes reinforcing after repeated pairings with other reinforcers (LEARNED) Continuous Reinforcement: reinforcement that is administered after every desired or correct response; the most effective method of conditioning a new response Partial Reinforcement: a pattern of reinforcement in which some portion, rather than 100% of the correct responses are reinforced positive RF -- any event that increases the probability of a response e.g. praise, cookie,  work hard for raise or promotion, child throws temper tantrum to get candy negative Rf --remove negative stimulus-rock baby so it won't cry, turn on air conditioner  to get rid of heat, heroin addict going through withdrawal will do almost anything Positive reinforcemen t--> adds something rewarding  Negative reinforcement
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.

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A CLOSER LOOK AT REINFORCEMENT - ACLOSERLOOKATREINFORCEMENT...

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