Achievement Motivation 1. Describe the nature and sources of achievement motivation. Achievement motivation is the desire for significant accomplishment: for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for control; and for rapidly attaining a high standard. Many achievement-oriented children have parents and teachers who encourage and affirm independent achievement rather than overly controlling them with rewards and threats. High achievement motivation has emotional roots in which children come to associate achievement with positive emotions. It also has cognitive roots in which children learn to attribute their success to their own competence and effort, raising their expectations. 2. Distinguish between extrinsic and intrinsic achievement motivation, and identify factors that encourage each. Intrinsic motivation is the desire to be effective and to perform a behavior for its own sake. Extrinsic motivation is seeking external rewards and avoiding punishments.
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