Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Definitions PSYCHOLOGY the scientific...

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Chapter 1: Definitions PSYCHOLOGY the scientific study of behaviour and mental processes SCIENTIFIC METHOD relies on collecting data, generating a theory to explain, producing testable hypothesis based on the theory and then testing those hypotheses empirically THEORY Systematic explanation-organizes facts, must predict new facts, permits a degree of control over phenomenon Hypothesis Specific testable predictions derived from theory STRUCTURALISM: stresses basic units of experience and the combinations in which they occur FUNCTIONALISM explores how an organism uses perceptual abilities to function in its environment PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY behaviour results from psychological factors the interact within the individual, often outside conscious awareness HUMANIST PSYCHOLOGY emphasizes nonverbal experience and altered states of consciousness as a means of realizing full human potential COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY devoted to study of mental processes in the broadest sense EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY- approach/subfield of psychology concerned with evolutionary
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Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Definitions PSYCHOLOGY the scientific...

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