COGNITIO3 - language (for both spoken and signed languages)...

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CHAPTER 7 DEFINITIONS COGNITION the processes whereby we acquire and use knowledge PHONEMES the basic sounds that make up a language (meaningless sounds) e.g. 'th' 't' 'k' MORPHEMES the smallest meaningful units of speech-simple words or prefix/suffix e.g. 'un' 'pre' 'ing' SENTENCES a group of words that expresses a complete thought. Contains at least a subject and verb. Sentences have both surface structure and deep structure SURFACE STRUCTURE the particular words or phrases used to make up a sentence. DEEP STRUCTURE the underlying meaning of a sentence. GRAMMAR the language rules that determine how sounds and words can be combined and used to communicate meaning with in a
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Unformatted text preview: language (for both spoken and signed languages) SEMANTICS system by which we assign meaning to morphemes SYNTAX system of rules that governs how we combine words to form grammatical sentences- e.g. in English adjectives come before nouns IMAGE A mental representation of a sensory experience CONCEPT a mental category for classifying objects, people, experiences ..example categories: dogs, books, houses PROTOTYPE according to Rosch, a mental image containing the most typical features of a concept LINGUISTIC RELATIVITY The idea that the language a person speaks largely determines the nature of that person's thoughts (Whorf)...
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