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INTELLIGENCE COGNITION - • understand quickly-sound...

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INTELLIGENCE COGNITION, AND LANGUAGE (CHAPTER 7) INTELLIGENCE AND MENTAL ABILITIES What is intelligence and how is it related to creativity? American Psychological Association defined intelligence as "ability to understand  complex ideas, to adapt to environment, to learn from experience, engage in forms of  reasoning, and to overcome obstacles by taking thought." Theories of Intelligence   great arguments about what intelligence is and if it is a single general mental  ability or separate mental abilities.  EARLY THEORIST  CHARLES SPEARMAN  early 20C British-said it was general -a "well" or "spring" person bright in one area, bright in many
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Unformatted text preview: • understand quickly-sound decisions-behave intelligently • "g factor" (general intelligence) underlies all intellectual functions • "s factor" (specific abilities) g factor Spearman's term for a general intellectual ability that underlies all mental operations to some degree LL THURSTONE (American) • he believed there are 7 distinct areas: spatial, memory, perceptual, word fluency, numerical ability, reasoning, verbal meaning • he believed these were relatively independent Primary Mental Abilities According to Thurstone, seven relatively distinct abilities that singularly or in combination are involved in all intellectual activities...
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