Memory can be defined as the storage of learned information for retrieval and future use

Memory can be defined as the storage of learned information for retrieval and future use

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory can be defined as the storage of learned information for retrieval and future use . I. The Key Questions When psychologists study memory they usually focus on 3 key questions: 1) How does information get INTO memory? 2) How is information MAINTAINED in memory? 3) How do we get information BACK OUT of memory? These 3 questions correspond to the 3 key processes in memory: ENCODING --> STORAGE --> RETRIEVAL Basic Processes (we will discuss each in detail later, but for now we need a few definitions) A. Encoding - process of forming a memory code in order to get information into memory . For Example: we may emphasize the shape of a dog's nose to identify the breed (e.g., a German Sheppard has a longer, more pointed nose than a bull dog) and subsequently make a code for
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: "German Sheppard" according to the dog's nose. 1) Encoding usually involves attention - focusing awareness on a narrow range of stimuli or events . B. Storage (memory stores) - maintaining encoded information in memory over a period of time . C. Retrieval - recovering information from memory stores . These 3 processes are the foundation for all memory - how it works and why it may not work at times. When memory does not work, we have forgetting, which may occur at any of these 3 levels. We will address forgetting soon, but for now let's focus on how memory works. The most popular model/theoretical framework today is the Information Processing Theory, modeled after computers....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online