Operant Conditioning

Operant Conditioning - Operant Conditioning 6. Describe the...

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Operant Conditioning 6. Describe the process of operant conditioning, including the procedure of shaping, as demonstrated by Skinner's experiments. Operant conditioning involves operant behavior that actively operates on the environment to produce stimuli. Skinner's work elaborated a simple fact of life that Edward Thorndike called the law of effect: Rewarded behavior is likely to recur. In his experiments involving an operant chamber (Skinner box), Skinner used shaping, a procedure in which rewards, such as food, guide an animal's natural behavior toward a desired behavior. By rewarding responses that are ever closer to the final desired behavior, and ignoring all other responses, researchers can gradually shape complex behaviors. 1. Identify the different types of reinforcers and describe major schedules of partial reinforcement. A reinforcer is any event that increases the frequency of a preceding response. Reinforcers can be positive (presenting a pleasant stimulus after a response) or
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Operant Conditioning - Operant Conditioning 6. Describe the...

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