Personality - Through factor analysis researchers have...

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Personality Personality is one's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. For Sigmund Freud, the father of the psychoanalytic perspective, conflict between pleasure-seeking biological impulses and social restraints centered on three interacting systems: id, ego, and superego. Freud believed that children develop through psychosexual stages and that people's later problems are rooted in how they resolve conflicts associated with these stages. The neo-Freudians agreed with Freud's basic ideas but placed more emphasis on the conscious mind and on social influences. Today, psychodynamic theorists agree with many of Freud's views but not his idea that sex is the basis of personality. The trait perspective attempts to describe the predispositions that underlie our actions.
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Unformatted text preview: Through factor analysis researchers have isolated five distinct dimensions of personality. The humanistic perspective emphasizes the growth potential of healthy people. Abraham Maslow believed that if basic human needs are met, people will strive to actualize their highest potential. Carl Rogers suggested that being genuine, accepting, and empathic helps others to develop a positive self-concept. Research documents the importance of high self-esteem and the potency of a self-serving bias. The social-cognitive perspective emphasizes how personal-cognitive factors combine with the environment to influence behavior. Researchers assess how people's behaviors and beliefs both affect and are affected by their situations....
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