Unformatted text preview: At each prenatal stage, genetic and environmental factors affect development. Along with nutrients, teratogens ingested by the mother can reach the developing child and place it at risk. If the mother drinks heavily, the effects may be visible as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). 2. Describe the capacities of the newborn. Newborns are surprisingly competent. They are born with sensory equipment and reflexes that facilitate their interacting with adults and securing nourishment. Touched on its cheek, a baby opens its mouth and searches for a nipple (the rooting reflex). Newborns turn their heads in the direction of human voices and gaze longer at a drawing of a human face than at a bull's-eye pattern. They prefer to look at objects 8 to 12 inches away, the approximate distance between a nursing infant's eyes and the mother's. Within days of birth, the newborn distinguishes its mother's odor and voice....
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- Fall '08
- Psychology, red blood cells, FAS, prematurely born fetus