The Biomedical Therapies 8. Identify the common forms of drug therapy. Psychopharmacology has revolutionized the treatment of severely disordered people. Antipsychotic drugs, such as chlorpromazine, provide help to people experiencing the positive symptoms of auditory hallucinations and paranoia by dampening their responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli. A newer drug, clozapine, helps reanimate schizophrenia patients with the negative symptoms of apathy and withdrawal. Antianxiety drugs such as Valium and Librium reduce tension and anxiety without causing excessive sleepiness. For this reason they have been prescribed even for minor emotional stresses. Antidepressants aim to lift people up, typically by increasing the availability of the neurotransmitters norepinephrine and serotonin. For example, fluoxetine (Prozac) blocks the reabsorption and removal of serotonin from the synapses. The simple salt lithium is often an effective mood stabilizer for those suffering bipolar disorder. 9.
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