The Trait Perspective

The Trait Perspective - regarding the consistency of...

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The Trait Perspective 7. Discuss psychologists' descriptions of personality in terms of types and traits. Some psychologists attempt to describe and classify personalities in terms of traits. Through factor analysis, Hans and Sybil Eysenck reduced normal variations to two or three genetically influenced dimensions, including extraversion-introversion and emotional stability-instability. More recently, researchers have isolated five distinct personality dimensions, dubbed the Big Five: emotional stability, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Explain how personality inventories are used to assess traits, and discuss research
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Unformatted text preview: regarding the consistency of behavior over time and across situations. Psychologists assess several traits at once by administering personality inventories. For example, the empirically derived Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2) was originally developed to identify the traits of emotionally troubled people. Although people's traits seem to persist over time, human behavior varies widely from situation to situation. Despite these variations, a person's average behavior across different situations is fairly consistent. Moreover, individual differences in some traits, such as expressiveness, can be quickly perceived....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.

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