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Theories of Emotion

Theories of Emotion - emotional responses occur instantly...

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Theories of Emotion 1. Identify the three components of emotion, and contrast the James-Lange and Cannon- Bard theories of emotion. Emotions are psychological responses that involve an interplay among (1) physiological arousal, (2) expressive behavior, and (3) conscious experience. The James-Lange theory states that our experience of an emotion is a consequence of our physiological response to a stimulus; we are afraid because our heart pounds (say, in response to an approaching stranger). The Cannon-Bard theory, on the other hand, proposes that the physiological response and subjective experience of emotion occur simultaneously. Heart pounding and fear occur at the same time-one does not cause the other. 2. Describe Schachter's two-factor theory of emotion, and discuss evidence suggesting that some emotional reactions involve no conscious thought. Schachter's two-factor theory states that to experience emotion one must (1) be physically aroused and (2) cognitively label the arousal. Robert Zajonc believes that some simple
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Unformatted text preview: emotional responses occur instantly before any cognitive processing occurs. In other words, we feel some emotions before we think. Research indicates that when people repeatedly view stimuli flashed too briefly for them to perceive and recall, they nevertheless come to prefer these stimuli. Moreover, some neural pathways involved in emotion bypass the cortical areas involved in thinking. One such pathway runs from the eye via the thalamus to one of the brain's emotional control centers, the amygdala. This enables a quick, automatic response, which may then be modified after the cortex has further interpreted a threat. While some emotional responses-especially simple likes, dislikes, and fears-involve no conscious thinking, complex emotions-including moods such as depression-are greatly affected by our interpretations, memories, and expectations....
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