Thinking - Thinking,Language andIntelligence Concepts, the...

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Thinking, Language and Intelligence Concepts, the building blocks of thinking, simplify the world by organizing it into a hierarchy of categories. Concepts are often formed around prototypes, or the best examples of a category. When faced with a novel situation for which no well-learned response will do, we may use problem-solving strategies such as trial and error, algorithms, and rule-of- thumb heuristics. Obstacles to successful problem solving include the confirmation bias and functional fixedness. Heuristics provide efficient, but occasionally misleading, guides for making quick decisions. Overconfidence, framing, and belief perseverance further reveal our capacity for error. Still, human cognition is remarkably efficient and adaptive. Language facilitates and expresses our thoughts. The ease with which children master language has sparked a lively debate over whether children acquire language through association and imitation or are biologically prepared to learn words and use grammar. Thinking and language are difficult to separate. Although the linguistic relativity
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.

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Thinking - Thinking,Language andIntelligence Concepts, the...

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