What Is Psychology

What Is Psychology - What Is Psychology? 1. Define...

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What Is Psychology? 1. Define psychology and trace its historical development. Contemporary psychology's ancestors include Aristotle, John Locke, and Charles Darwin. Wilhelm Wundt founded the first psychological laboratory in 1879 in Leipzig, Germany. Using introspection, Wundt focused on sensations, feelings, and thoughts. Until the 1920s, psychology was defined as the science of mental life. Other pioneers included Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov, Austrian personality theorist Sigmund Freud, Swiss biologist Jean Piaget, and American philosopher William James. From the 1920s through the 1960s, American psychologists, led by John Watson, redefined psychology as the science of observable behavior. In the 1960s, psychology began to recapture its interest in mental processes and today we define psychology as the science of behavior and mental processes. 2. Briefly describe the nature and nurture issue, and discuss the different perspectives from which psychologists examine behavior and mental processes. The nature-nurture debate concerns the relative contributions of biology and
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Scheff during the Fall '08 term at Broward College.

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What Is Psychology - What Is Psychology? 1. Define...

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