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Why Do Psychology - confident than correct For example...

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Why Do Psychology? 1. Describe the hindsight bias and explain how it often leads us to perceive psychological research as merely common sense. The hindsight bias, also known as the I-knew-it-all-along phenomenon, is the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it. Finding out that something has happened makes it seem inevitable. Thus, after learning the results of a study in psychology, it may seem to be obvious common sense. However, experiments have shown that events seem far less obvious and predictable beforehand than in hindsight. Sometimes psychological findings even jolt our common sense. 2. Discuss how overconfidence contaminates our everyday judgments. Our everyday thinking is limited by our tendency to think we know more than we do. Asked how sure we are of our answers to factual questions, we tend to be more
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Unformatted text preview: confident than correct. For example, college students' predictions of their future behaviors are overconfident. Even when 100 percent sure of themselves, their self-predictions erred 15 percent of the time. 3 . Explain how the scientific attitude encourages critical thinking. The scientific attitude reflects a hard-headed curiosity to explore and understand the world without being fooled by it. The eagerness to skeptically scrutinize competing claims requires humility, because it means we may have to reject our own ideas. This attitude, coupled with scientific principles for sifting reality from illusion, helps us winnow sense from nonsense. It carries into everyday life as critical thinking in which we examine assumptions, discern hidden values, evaluate evidence, and assess conclusions....
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