A Closing Bit on Social Contract Theory "Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that the state of nature is not a state of war, but a state of individual freedom where creativity flourishes. Since a fully mature person is a social person, a social contract is established to regulate social interaction. This contract between citizens establishes an absolute democracy which is ruled by the general will, or what is best for all people. Interest in social contract theory declined in the 19th century with the rise of utilitarianism, the theory that actions are right when they produce more benefit than disbenefit for society. Contemporary versions of social contract theory attempt to show that our basic rights and liberties are founded on mutually beneficial agreements which are made between members of society. John Rawls argues in A Theory of Justice (1971) that in an original position, a group of rational and impartial people will establish a mutually beneficial principle of justice as the foundation for regulating all rights, duties, power, and wealth." < http://www.utm.edu/research/iep/s/soc-cont.htm
This is the end of the preview.
access the rest of the document.