African Americans - African Americans , ....

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African Americans Perhaps more than that of any other minority, the history of African Americans in this country has  been a long and complex story. During the slave trade in the early history of the United States,  millions of blacks were brought from Africa. By the late 1700s, almost 4 million slaves lived in the  southern states. While some slave masters may have tried to treat their black slaves humanely, the  slaves felt deeply their loss of homeland, family, and freedom. In addition, harsh working conditions,  physical beatings, manacles, branding, and castration were common. Nor did the slaves always  passively give in to their masters' whims; sometimes slaves rebelled against their masters. Out of all  of this oppression evolved a variety of uniquely African-American forms of art and music, including  gospel, jazz, and the blues. The formal abolition of slavery during the Civil War forever altered the life of blacks, especially in the  South. Yet the one form of group closure—slavery—was replaced by another—discrimination. The  behavior of the former slaves was closely monitored, and they were quickly punished for their  “transgressions.” The result was continual denial of black people's political and civil rights.  Legislation was also passed legalizing segregation of blacks from whites in public places like trains  and restaurants. However, following the Civil War, most states in the South passed legislation against  the interests of blacks, which became known as the  Jim Crow laws . The laws, for example,  prohibited blacks from attending white schools, theaters, restaurants, and hotels. 
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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African Americans - African Americans , ....

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