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Unformatted text preview: Al-Jihad Group(a.k.a.: al-Jihad, Islamic Jihad, New Jihad Group, Vanguards of the Conquest,Talai al-Fath)Group ProfileThe al-Jihad Organization of Egypt, also known as the Islamic Group, is a militantoffshoot of the Muslim Brotherhood movement, an anti-Western Islamicorganization that has targeted Egyptian government officials for assassinationsince its founding in 1928. In 1981 Sheikh Umar Abd al-Rahman (also known asOmar Abdel Rahman), al-Jihads blind theologian at the University of Asyut,issued a fatwa, or religious edict, sanctioning the assassination of PresidentAnwar al-Sadat.In 1981 more than half of al-Jihads membership were students or teachers from132vocational centers and at least eight universities. However, some of the 302 al-Jihad members arrested in December 1982 for coup-plotting in the wake ofSadats assassination included members of the Air Force military intelligence,Army central headquarters, the Central Security Services, and even thePresidential Guard. Others included employees at strategic jobs in broadcasting,Presidential Guard....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10