I. Culture: lang, beliefs,values,norms,behavior,mat objects, etc. passed from 1 gen to nextA.material cult:e.g., jewelry, art,bldgs,weapons,machines,hairstyles,clothing;not naturalB. nonmat cult: group’s ways thinking(beliefs,values)/doing(pat of behav:lang,gestures)1. examples: North African assumptions @ crowding to buy ticket/staring in public2. no custom right: people simply become comfortable with customs learned as childC. assume normal/natural: @follow w/o ques: Linton (‘36): Last thing fish notice H20D. culture within us: learned/shared ways of believing/doing penetrate us at early ageE. lens: thru which we perceive/eval what going on—eg staring, hygiene, use spaceF. culture shock: disorient when nonmaterial culture fails/not make sense out of wld G. ethnocentrism: tendency to use own group’s way do things as yardstick judge others1. positive:creates ingroup loyalties; negative:discrim against those whose ways differH. tells us “ought to do”: implicit instructions/provides us basis for decision-making
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