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Minorities - Minorities ..For example,, min

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Minorities Racial and ethnic groups whose members are especially disadvantaged in a given society may be  referred to as  minorities . This term has more to do with social factors than with numbers. For  example, while people with green eyes may be in the minority, they are not considered to be “true”  minorities. From a sociological perspective, minorities generally have a sense of  group identity  (“belonging together”) and  separateness  (“being isolated from others”). They are also  disadvantaged  in some way when compared to the majority of the population. Of course, not all minorities  experience all three of these characteristics; some people are able to transcend their  master status or social identity as defined by their race or ethnicity.  Most minority groups are locked in to their minority standing, regardless of their achieved level of  personal success. They live in certain regions of a country, certain cities, and certain neighborhoods —the poorest areas, more often than not. That is, ethnicity is often associated with social inequalities  of power, prestige, and wealth—all of which can lead to hostility between groups within a society.  Finally, to preserve their cultural identity, most minorities value  endogamy , or marriage within the  group. Put another way, intermarriage between minority and majority groups, or even between  different minority groups, is not always sanctioned by both groups. Prohibiting intermarriage reduces  the possibility of  assimilation , or gradual adoption of the dominant culture's patterns and practices.  Prejudice and Discrimination Prejudice and discrimination have been prevalent throughout human history.  Prejudice  has to do  with the inflexible and irrational attitudes and opinions held by members of one group about another,  while  discrimination  refers to behaviors directed against another group. Being prejudiced usually  means having preconceived beliefs about groups of people or cultural practices. Prejudices can  either be positive or negative—both forms are usually preconceived and difficult to alter. The  negative form of prejudice can lead to discrimination, although it is possible to be prejudiced and not  act upon the attitudes. Those who practice discrimination do so to protect opportunities for 
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