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Models of Social Change - Models of Social Change , ....

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Models of Social Change In their search to explain social change, sociologists sometimes examine historical data to better  understand current changes and movements. They also rely on three basic theories of social  change:  evolutionary, functionalist,  and  conflict  theories.  Evolutionary theory Sociologists in the 19th century applied Charles Darwin's (1809–1882) work in biological evolution to  theories of social change. According to  evolutionary theory , society moves in specific directions.  Therefore, early social evolutionists saw society as progressing to higher and higher levels. As a  result, they concluded that their own cultural attitudes and behaviors were more advanced than  those of earlier societies.  Identified as the “father of sociology,” Auguste Comte subscribed to social evolution. He saw human  societies as progressing into using scientific methods. Likewise, Emile Durkheim, one of the  founders of functionalism, saw societies as moving from simple to complex social structures. Herbert  Spencer compared society to a living organism with interrelated parts moving toward a common end. 
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