Politics in the United States

Politics in the United States - Politics in the United...

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Politics in the United States The election of public officials and the balance of power between the three branches of government  (executive, legislative, and judicial) carry out democracy in the United States. This system, which  makes each branch accountable to the others, restricts the authority of any one branch of the  government. The legislative branch, or Congress (comprised of the House of Representatives and the Senate),  writes, amends, and passes bills, which the President, as head of the executive branch, must then  sign into law. The executive branch through the President may veto any bill. If the President does veto a bill, the  legislative branch may overturn this action with a two-thirds majority in both legislative houses. The judicial branch, or Supreme Court, may overturn any law passed by the legislature and signed  by the President. The people elect the executive and legislative branches, while the executive branch appoints the  members of the judicial branch, subject to approval by the legislature. The most prominent election in the United States is that of President. While many people mistakenly  believe that the popular vote or the Congress directly elects the President, the Electoral College  (whose vote is dictated by the popular vote) officially elects the President. To maintain a balance of  power, states elect the legislature separately. Each state elects two representatives to the Senate for  six years; only a portion of the Senate seats come up for election every two years. States have a  varying number of congressional seats based on population. Thus, for example, California elects 
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Politics in the United States - Politics in the United...

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