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Unformatted text preview: Social and Personality Growth: Age 7–11 Erikson's primary developmental task of middle childhood is to attain industry , or the feeling of social competence. Competition (for example, athletics and daredevil activities) and numerous social adjustments (trying to make and keep friends) mark this developmental stage. Successfully developing industry helps the child build self-esteem , which in turn builds the self-confidence necessary to form lasting and effective social relationships. Self-concept in middle childhood Most boys and girls in middle childhood develop a positive sense of self-understanding, self- definition, and self-control, especially when their parents, teachers, and friends demonstrate regard for and emotionally support them, and when children themselves feel competent. When lacking in one social area, children in this age group typically find another area in which to excel, which contributes to an overall sense of self-esteem and belonging in the social world. For example, a child who does not like math may take up the piano as a hobby. The more positive experiences children have excelling, the more likely they will develop the self-confidence necessary to confront new social challenges. Self-esteem, self-worth, self-regulation, and self-confidence ultimately form the child's self-concept . Social cognition in middle childhood As children grow up, they improve in their use of social cognition , or experiential knowledge and understanding of society and the “rules of life.” They also improve in their use of understanding of society and the “rules of life....
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- Fall '10