Sociological Research

Sociological Research - Sociological Research: Designs,...

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Sociological Research: Designs, Methods Sociologists use many different designs and methods to study society and social behavior. Most  sociological research involves  ethnography , or “field work” designed to depict the characteristics of  a population as fully as possible.  Three popular social research  designs  (models) are  Cross-sectional , in which scientists study a number of individuals of different ages  who have the same trait or characteristic of interest at a single time  Longitudinal , in which scientists study the same individuals or society repeatedly  over a specified period of time  Cross-sequential , in which scientists test individuals in a cross-sectional sample  more than once over a specified period of time  Six of the most popular sociological research  methods  (procedures) are the  case study, survey,  observational, correlational, experimental,  and  cross-cultural  methods, as well as working with  information already available.  Case study research In  case study research , an investigator studies an individual or small group of individuals with an  unusual condition or situation. Case studies are typically clinical in scope. The investigator (often a  clinical sociologist) sometimes uses self-report measures to acquire quantifiable data on the subject.  A comprehensive case study, including a long-term follow-up, can last months or years.  On the positive side, case studies obtain useful information about individuals and small groups. On  the negative side, they tend to apply only to individuals with similar characteristics rather than to the  general population. The high likelihood of the investigator's biases affecting subjects' responses  limits the generalizability of this method. Survey research
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Sociological Research - Sociological Research: Designs,...

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