Angular movements - Angular movements increase or decrease...

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Angular movements: increase or decrease angle between 2 bones - includes flexion, extension, abduction, adduction & circumduction - Flexion: decreases angle of joint & brings bones closer together - Extension: increases angle of joint & moves bones away from each other o Hyperextension: moving head backwards beyond straight - Dorsiflexion: lifting foot - Plantar flexion: depressing foot - Abduction: movement of limb away from midline - Adduction: movement of limb toward midline - Circumduction: moving a limb so that it describes a cone in space Rotation: turning of bone around its long axis - medial rotation: rotation toward the midline - lateral rotation: rotation away from midline Special movements: - Supination: rotating forearm laterally so the palm faces anterior/superiorly - Pronation: rotating forearm medially so the palm faces posterior/inferiorly - Inversion: turning the sole of the foot medially - Eversion: turning the sole of the foot laterally - Protraction: nonangular anterior movement (moving jaw forward) - Retraction:
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