{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Bladder cance1 - Smokers are 2-5 times more likely to...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Bladder cancer Bladder cancer refers to any of the several types of malignant growth that develops in the Urinary Bladder. The most common form of bladder cancer develops from the cells which line the bladder and is called a Transitional Cell Carcinoma. Symptoms By far the commonest symptom that brings people with bladder cancer to their GP is painless Haematuria. There is usually no other symptoms, although if large clots are passed they may cause dysuria. Large tumours can occlude the urethral orifice, causing urine to stagnate and develop a Urinary Tract Infection (another source of pain). Causes The cause of bladder cancers isn't fully understood. There are certain risk factors which render people more likely to develop malignant change. Risk factors include:- Smoking – there is a consistent, but still low, correlation between bladder cancer and smoking.
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Smokers are 2-5 times more likely to develop bladder cancer than non-smokers • Occupational factors – people who work in the rubber industry or who are exposed to chemical dyes or solvents are at risk of developing bladder cancer. Bladder cancers caused by these types of exposures may account for up to 20% of cases • Chronic Inflammation – recurrent UTIs or persistent infections of Schistosomiasis can cause long term inflammation and result in a risk of malignancy It is proposed that carcinogens in tobacco smoke and industrial dyes/rubber processing are absorbed by the body and excreted in a concentrated form in the Urine. As such they come into contact with the lining of the bladder and increase the risk of bladder cancer....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online