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Unformatted text preview: fashioned from a loop of bowel; however as this new bladder lack innervation the patient will typically have to catheterise themselves at regular interval to prevent reflux kidney damage. Following cystectomy some patients may undergo radio or chemo therapy to help manage residual disease. Prognosis Once bladder cancer has been diagnosed, cystoscopic follow ups must be continued for life, usually at an interval of 6-12 months. Approximately 80% of patients with superficial tumours and 50% of patients who have had a cystectomy are still alive at 5-years. Prevention Smoking cessation reduces the risk of bladder cancer, lung cancer as well as many other forms of malignancy. Regular screening of people who work with industrial dyes or in rubber processing has also been shown to identify cases early which improves prognosis....
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