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Unformatted text preview: CKD. Diagnosis There are a number of tests which can be performed to confirm the diagnosis of CRF: o Bloods – Hb, U&E, glucose, calcium/phosphate (raised/lowered), raised ALP, raised PTH o Urine – MC&S, dipstick, 24hr urinary protein o eGFR o Imaging – Renal US – usually renal size is small (<9cm) by may be normal or enlarged in DM, polycystic kidney, amyloidosis, myeloma), CXR, Bone XR (renal osteodystrophy) o Renal biopsy – if cause unclear and normal sized kidneys. Classifications (Stages of GFR decline): o 1 = >90 o 2 = 60-89 o 3a = 45-59 o 3b = 30-44 o 4 = 15-29 o 5 = <15 Patients are usually only symptomatic at stage 4 (GFR <30)! / Urea >40mmol/L...
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10