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Unformatted text preview: Conjunctivitis Epidemiology Conjunctivitis in its various forms is the commonest eye disease in the UK which can be highly contagious. If affects both genders equally and can affect any age group, however bacterial conjunctivitis it is more common in childhood. Diagnosis Diagnosis of conjunctivitis is made from the clinical appearance of the eye. Typically the eye will be red with injected veins, have a watery or purulent discharge with crusting and oedema of the conjunctiva and eyelids. Once a diagnosis is made, the cause should be ascertained; however this is seldom done because most cases of conjunctivitis are treated empirically with success. If a cause is required the secretions can be swabbed and sent for MC&S. Trachoma is diagnosed clinically by the presence of papules on the upper tarsal conjunctiva (the underside of the upper eyelid) Treatment Conjunctivitis resolves spontaneously in 65% of cases, within 2-5 days. The prescribing of antibiotics in most cases is not necessary however if the patient is immunocompromised, a child or if symptoms show...
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- Fall '10