Cystiti1 - Sexual intercourse Atrophic vaginitis...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Cystitis Cystitis is a term that refers to urinary bladder inflammation that results from any one of a number of distinct syndromes. It is usually caused by infection, termed a Urinary Tract Infection, but can be caused by other disease processes. Symptoms The symptoms of cystitis include:- Pressure or pain in the lower abdomen and pelvis Painful urination (dysuria) Frequent urination (polyuria) or urgent need to urinate (urinary urgency) Need to urinate at night (nocturia) Abnormal urine colour (cloudy) Foul or strong urine odour (usually caused by bacterial infections) In children cystitis may present as:- Crying on urination Vague abdominal tenderness and pain Failure to thrive Fever Anorexia and vomiting Causes Most cases of cystitis result from the introduction of bowel organisms via the urethra into the bladder. Various factors facilitate infection in women including:-
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Sexual intercourse Atrophic vaginitis Immunosuppression Pregnancy In men such factors as incomplete bladder emptying or structural abnormalities of the urinary tract may be the cause or male cystitis. The main causative organisms are:- Escherichia coli 68% Proteus mirabilis 12% Streptococcus spp 6% Klebsiella spp 4% In children causes include structural abnormalities of the urinary tract and sexual abuse and should be investigated further. Other causes of Cystitis include:- Local trauma cause by a renal stone in the bladder Schistosomiasis infections Interstitial cystitis (the name given to chronic bladder inflammation) o The causative agent is unknown but potential causes include Stress, Anxiety, Genetic predisposition and immune dysfunction of Mast cell degranulation...
View Full Document

Page1 / 2

Cystiti1 - Sexual intercourse Atrophic vaginitis...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online