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Unformatted text preview: further investigation. A second episode of cystitis in an adult woman within a few months, or a primary episode of a UTI in a child or man warrants investigations to determine if there is an underlying cause. Urine dipstick tests can reveal the presence or absence of compounds and chemicals that should not typically be found in urine. These include:- Glucose Protein Ketone bodies Red blood cells Leukocytes Nitrates pH Urine Specific Gravity If infection is present protein, nitrates, red blood cells, leukocytes and nitrates may be present. However since urine dipstick tests do not specifically test for bacteria, they can only be used as a guide not a diagnostic tool. Urine MC&S may reveal the causative organism as well as the antibiotic it is sensitive to. Further investigations include:- Cystoscopy Intravenous Urogram (IVU)...
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- Fall '10