Depression - • Severe physical ill health • Most...

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Depression Causes Genetics Evidence suggests there is a genetic component backed up by twin and adoptive studies Psychosocial Depression heavily linked to traumatic life events such as: Loss of mother at a young age Unemployment and financial stress Lack of confiding relationships or breakdown of relationships Socio-economic deprivation Neurochemical Monoamine hypothesis Based on observations that in patients with depression the levels of Serotonin and Norepinephrine were lower than that of their non-depressed peers. Chronic stress theory Chronic stress leads to increased cortisol production. Increased cortisol decreases the expression of neurotrophins which are important in neuronal growth.
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Unformatted text preview: • Severe physical ill health • Most endocrine, many cancers and some viral infections have been linked with depression • Some steroids, anti-hypertensive’s and oral contraceptive have been linked with depression • Alcohol and alcoholism is a major source of depression Epidemiology • Life time risk is about 10-20% • Rates of depression in women are double that of men • First onset is typically in third decade of life, with point prevalence higher in middle and old age. • Depression is commoner in urban than rural areas, and particularly in women from lower SEC....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Depression - • Severe physical ill health • Most...

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