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Endometriosis - include anxiety and depression Causes The...

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Endometriosis Endometriosis is a common chronic gynaecological medical condition in which endometrial-like cells appear and flourish in areas outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the ovaries. Symptoms In endometriosis, the tissue like that which lines the uterus (endometrium) grows in other sites such as the ovaries and uterine tubes. The areas of misplaced endometrial tissue may be the size of a pin head or grow to over 5mm in diameter. These endometrial-like cells are influenced by hormonal changes and respond in a way that is similar to the cells found inside the uterus; as such symptoms are often worse around menstruation. Symptoms include:- Painful periods (dysmenorrhoea) Pain on intercourse (dyspareunia) Feelings of pressure around the rectum Pain in the loins – may be associated with haematuria Infertility – up to 40% of women with endometriosis have difficulty conceiving Other symptoms are usually related to the chronic nature of the pain and problems with fertility and
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Unformatted text preview: include anxiety and depression. Causes The exact cause of endometriosis is unknown but factors that may contribute include:-• Retrograde menstruation – where fragments of the endometrium pass up the urethral tubes and implant • Genetic factors – Women who have a close relative with endometriosis are 6-9x more likely to develop the condition themselves • Abnormal reproductive tract development – endometrial tissue may develop sat sites away from the lining of the uterus from when the reproductive organs were forming in the foetus • Transplantation – endometrial cells are transplanted in intra-abdominal surgery and can even be found in surgical sites and scars Research shows there are a number of risk factors, these include:-• Heavy, frequent periods • Early age of menarche < 13 • Over 25 years of age • Being nulliparous • Drinking more than 300mg of coffee a day • Low exercise levels • Having irregular menses • Using oral contraceptive...
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Endometriosis - include anxiety and depression Causes The...

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