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Unformatted text preview: complications of DM, such as retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and HTN. All Diabetic mothers (pre-existing or gestational) are at an increased risk of: 1. Maternal complications Spontaneous miscarriage Infection (Candida) Polyhydramnios rupture of membranes Pre-eclampsia UTIs 2. Fetal complications IUD/stillbirth Congenital abnormality, especially CVS malformations (not in GDM as it presents after week 8 when the CNS is developing) Macrosomia (leading to increased risk of birth trauma especially shoulder dystocia) IUGR Neonatal complications Neonatal hypoglycaemia Respiratory distress syndrome...
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- Fall '10