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Head injury Diagnosis

Head injury Diagnosis - Head injury Diagnosis The need for...

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Unformatted text preview: Head injury Diagnosis The need for imaging in patients who have suffered a minor head injury is debated. A non-contrast CT of the head should be performed immediately in all those who have suffered a moderate or severe head injury,an MRI is also an option. History: • Cause? • Loss of consciousness • past medical history of anticoagulants • amnesia • headache • vomiting • Speed of onset of symptoms. Admit if: • reduced consciousness • skull fracture • neuro-signs • coagulopathy/other relevant past medical history • no one to keep an eye on them at home for next 24hrs. Treatment Always start with ABC – prevent hypoxia and hypotension. Sew up lacerations! Anti- convulsants if required. Most head injuries are of a benign nature and require no treatment beyond analgesics and close monitoring for potential complications such as intracranial bleeding. If the brain has been severely damaged by trauma, neurosurgical evaluation may be useful. Treatments may involve controlling elevated damaged by trauma, neurosurgical evaluation may be useful....
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Head injury Diagnosis - Head injury Diagnosis The need for...

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