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Higher neural functions Memory

Higher neural functions Memory - o Provides us with our...

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Higher neural functions Memory Memory formation underlies body’s ability to process new information & learn Generally divided into 2 forms Procedural memories o Expressed thro motor functions, e.g. riding a bicycle o Acquired thro repetition & consolidation of the task o May be accessed & performed without conscious recollection o Involve cerebellum, basal ganglia & pre-motor cortex Difficult to form these memories, but are long-lasting & can be performed without conscious recollection Declarative memories o More abstract forms of learning, recognition & naming o Consciously accessed o Involve connections between hippocampus & widespread regions of cerebral cortex o Rapidly learnt memories, but also rapidly forgotten Memory may be held in immediate memory, as short-term or long-term memory Immediate memory: Ability to hold an experience in mind for a few seconds
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Unformatted text preview: o Provides us with our sense of the present • Short-term memory: Ability to hold an experience for a few minutes/hours o Considered to be our ‘working memory’ o Allows us to retain information until a task has been performed • Long-term memory: Stored to be retrieved days, months or years later • Ability to form & retrieve memory involves several distinct processes • Repetition & consolidation o Immediate experiences converted into short-term then long-term memories o Depends upon physical changes in synaptic connections • Act of remembering: Process whereby information o Retrieved from long-term storage into consciousness (Declarative memory) o Expressed as motor skill (Procedural memory)...
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