HIV - contraception devices such as Condoms. Whilst Condoms...

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HIV/AIDS Prognosis Without treatment the prognosis remains 9-11 years post exposure, depending upon the subtype. In areas where it is widely available, HAART has effectively reduced the death rate from this disease by 80%, and raised the life expectancy for a newly diagnosed HIV-infected person to about 20 years. As new treatments continue to be developed and because HIV continues to evolve resistance to treatments, estimates of survival time are likely to continue to change. However, even with anti-retroviral treatment, long term HIV-infected patients may experience neurocognitive disorders, osteoporosis, neuropathy, cancers, nephropathy, and cardiovascular disease. It is not always clear whether these conditions result from the infection, related complications, or are side effects of treatment. Prevention The spread of HIV, and hence AIDS, can be prevented in a number of simple but not always culturally acceptable ways. By far the easiest way at stopping the sexual spread of HIV is through the use of barrier
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Unformatted text preview: contraception devices such as Condoms. Whilst Condoms have been shown to be effective, some religious groups believe they increase promiscuity and in turn do not support their use. Other proposed methods of reducing sexual transfer include non-penetrative intercourse or abstinence until marriage. Whilst these methods help to reduce sexually transferred HIV they dont impact other methods of transfer. Since 1985 all blood products have been screened for HIV antibodies, additionally and controversially homosexual men are denied blood donor status. HIV transfer between IV drug users has also been tackled via needle exchange programs where clean needles are given freely and without prosecution. Vertical transmission, from mother to child, can also be reduced (from 30% to 2-3%) via effective treatment during pregnancy...
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