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Unformatted text preview: Immunofluorescence assay A diagnosis of AIDS is made if a patient suffering from specific clinical conditions related to immune deficiency has a CD4 count below 200 per ml Treatment CD4 count and prevent the progression to AIDS. Treatment for HIV can be broadly broken down into Anti-retroviral drugs and Post-exposure Prophylaxis. Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy (HAART) • 2 x Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors + 1 Non-nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor or a Protease Inhibitor • Examples of NRTIs include – Emtricitabine & Tenofovir • Examples of NNRTIs include – Efavirenz & Nevirapine • Examples of PI include - Ritonavir & Darunavir Post-exposure Prophylaxis uses the same drugs used in HAART but must be used within 72 hrs of exposure, optimally within 1 hour...
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- Fall '10
- Anthropology, Antiretroviral drug, Reverse transcriptase inhibitor, new cases, Sub-Saharan Africa prevalence