Influenza Treatment

Influenza Treatment - of influenza are-• Neuraminidase...

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Influenza Treatment Usually influenza infections are self limiting and do not need specific medical therapy. Usually a combination of bed rest, adequate fluid intake, paracetamol (to reduce fever and provide pain relief) and NSAIDs (to reduce inflammation and provide pain relief) are sufficient. Aspirin should be avoided in children as a rare complication of aspirin use is Reye’s Syndrome. Antibiotics have no place in the treatment of influenza but may be used if there is suspicion of a secondary bacterial infection. In severe cases or cases where virulence and mortality are high anti-viral agents may be prescribed and monitoring in a hospital environment may be advised. The two classes of antivirals used in the treatment
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Unformatted text preview: of influenza are:-• Neuraminidase inhibitors o Neuraminidase inhibitors that are designed to halt the spread of the virus in the body o These drugs are often effective against both influenza A and B o Examples include:- Oseltamivir Zanamivir • M2 inhibitors (adamantanes) o M2 inhibitors block a viral ion channel (M2 protein) and prevent the virus from infecting cells o These drugs are sometimes effective against influenza A if given early in the infection but are always ineffective against influenza B because B viruses do not possess M2 molecules o Measured resistance to M2 inhibitors in isolates of H3N2 has increased to 91% in 2005 o Examples include:- Amantadine Rimantadine...
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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