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Unformatted text preview: o Leg is shorter and externally rotated due to pull of the muscles • Fixation in Intracapsular fractures o Screwed together if action is quick o Replacement of the femoral head but not the acetabulum • Fixation in Extracapsular fractures o Screwed together with extra support along femur length with a dynamic hip screw Traumatic Hip Dislocation • More common in younger people • Caused by massive forces • Needs massive forces to relocate head of femur • Must be relocated within 6 hrs to prevent: o Chrondrolysis o Avascular necrosis o Degenerative arthritis Femoral Shaft Fractures • Diaphyseal fracture o Thomas splint – immobilises leg for three months o Intramedullary nail – stabilises fracture, nail enters via piriform fossa • Distal femur fracture o Metal plate externally fixed to the bone o External fixation with screws external to the body...
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.
- Fall '10