Menorrhagia Epidemiology

Menorrhagia Epidemiology - Blood tests o FBC looking for...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Menorrhagia Epidemiology Menorrhagia is very common with approximately 20% of women losing more than 80ml of blood during each period. 1 in 20 women aged 30 to 49 years consult their GP each year for heavy periods and menstrual disorders. It is the second commonest gynaecological condition to be referred to hospital, accounting for 12% of all gynaecological referrals. 40 to 60% of those who complain of excessive bleeding have no pathology and this is called dysfunctional uterine bleeding.20% of cases are associated with anovulatory cycles and these are most common at the extremes of reproductive life. Diagnosis Diagnosis is usually based on a woman’s report of heavy periods. A GP may ask a woman to keep a diary recording her pad or tampon use throughout a period to gauge the extent of bleeding. Investigations to elicit a cause typically include:- A general physical examination Pelvic examination
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Blood tests o FBC looking for anaemia o Clotting screen looking for clotting abnormalities o Thyroid function tests to rule out hypothyroidism o Liver function tests to rule out liver disease o Hormone screen looking for abnormalities in the HPG axis Pap smear looking for infection and malignant cells Pelvic ultrasound to detect structural abnormalities Hysteroscopy with biopsy to visualise the internal surface of the uterus and take a sample for analysis Prognosis The outlook for menorrhagia will depend upon the cause. For most women, medical treatment is possible and the need for surgery is becoming infrequent. Reaching the menopause is the natural cure for heavy periods. Prevention Menorrhagia isnt particularly a preventable condition but once diagnosed and treatment is initiated good medication compliance usually resolves symptoms....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

Page1 / 2

Menorrhagia Epidemiology - Blood tests o FBC looking for...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online