Motor neurone disease

Motor neurone disease - o Incontinence (due to being unable...

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Motor neurone disease The Motor Neurone Diseases (MND) are a group of neurological disorders that selectively affect motor neurones, the cells that control voluntary muscle activity including speaking, walking, breathing, swallowing and general movement of the body. Symptoms Symptoms of MND usually progress very rapidly, present between the age of 50-70 and typically include:- Progressive muscle weakness Muscle wasting Fasciculation’s Spasticity or rigidity in the arms and legs Overactive tendon reflexes Other symptoms include:- o Dysphagia and excess salivation (due to the inability to swallow) o Slurred speech (due to loss of voluntary control of the muscles that form speech) o Constipation (due to both a change in diet (due to dysphagia) and immobility)
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Unformatted text preview: o Incontinence (due to being unable to get to the toilet in time) o Dyspnoea (due to loss of voluntary control of the muscles of breathing) o Pain (due by being forced to sit or lay in an uncomfortable position) There are four main types of MND:- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) o The most common form of MND caused by degeneration of both Upper and Lower Motor Neurones Progressive Bulbar Palsy (PBP) o Also caused by degeneration of both Upper and Lower Motor Neurones of Cranial Nerves IX, X and XII Primary Lateral Sclerosis (PLS) o A less common form MND in which only Upper Motor Neurones degenerate Progressive Muscular Atrophy (PMA) o This occurs when Lower Motor Neurones are affected...
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Motor neurone disease - o Incontinence (due to being unable...

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