Organ System Level: a group of organs that together form an organ system- organ systems in the body: integumentary system; skeletal system; muscular system;nervous system; endocrine system; cardiovascular system; lymphatic system; immunesystem; respiratory system; digestive system; urinary system; reproductive systemOrganismal Level: the whole organism; all parts of the body functioning togetherNoninvasive techniques to assess body structure & function:- palpation: examiner feels body surface(s) with hands to assess underlyingfunction/activity (e.g.: palpating artery to find pulse & measure heart rate)- auscultation: examiner listens to body sounds to evaluate function or organ(s); oftenuses stethoscope to amplify sounds (e.g.: auscultation of lungs during breathing tocheck for crackling sounds – could indicate abnormal fluid in lungs)- percussion: examiner taps on body surfaces with fingertips & listens to echo; canreveal abnormal fluid accumulation, size/structure/position of underlying organs
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