Rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis - Anti-Inflammatories and Analgesics o...

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Rheumatoid arthritis Treatment There is no known cure for rheumatoid arthritis, but many different types of treatment can alleviate symptoms and/or modify the disease process. Conservative treatment involves the input of Physiotherapists, to help patients maintain joint integrity and muscle function, and Occupational therapists, to help patients live and work independently. The aims of medical therapy are to reduce symptoms and slow disease progression. This is achieved through a variety of medications which include:- Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) - DMARDs are a broad class of drugs that reduce the rate of damage to bone and cartilage. Classical examples include Azathioprine, Methotrexate, Sulfasalazine and Cyclophosphamide o Newer Biological agents include:- TNF-alpha Blockers, such as etanercept and infliximab Interleukin Blockers - Anakinra Monoclonal antibodies - Rituximab
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Unformatted text preview: Anti-Inflammatories and Analgesics o NSAIDs - Ibuprofen and Naproxen are used to help reduce inflammation and associated pain o Steroidal Anti-Inflammatories such as prednisolone are used to treat active disease and reduce complications o Paracetamol and codeine are predominantly used for pain relief in severe cases Occasionally surgery may be needed to help relieve pain, improve function and correct deformity. Prognosis The course of the disease varies greatly. Some people have mild short-term symptoms, but in most cases the disease is progressive. Daily living activities are impaired in most individuals. After 5 years of disease, approximately a third of sufferers will not be working and after 10 years, approximately half will have substantial functional disability. Prevention RA is currently not a preventable disease however much can be done to control symptoms and progression....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Rheumatoid arthritis - Anti-Inflammatories and Analgesics o...

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