Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia Treatment - and psychosocial interventions...

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Schizophrenia Treatment Schizophrenia cannot be cured but with treatment symptoms can be reduced and quality of life improved. Treatment may be given either in an in-patient facility or on an out-patient basis and usually involves a combination of medications and psychological therapy. The mainstay of medical therapy involves the use of Antipsychotics Typical Antipsychotics (older antipsychotics that have more Extrapyramidal Side Effects) o Examples include Haloperidol, Fluphenazine and Chlorpromazine Atypical Antipsychotics (newer antipsychotics that have fewer side effects) o Examples include Risperidone, Olanzapine, Quetiapine, Aripiprazole and Clozapine o Side effects include weight gain, tardive dyskinesia, sedation and occasionally can have life threatening side effects which include Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome and Agranulocytosis A number of psychosocial interventions may be useful in the treatment of schizophrenia including: family therapy, assertive community treatment, supported employment, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT),
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Unformatted text preview: and psychosocial interventions for substance use and weight management. Family therapy or education, which addresses the whole family system of an individual, may reduce relapses and hospitalisations. The evidence for CBT's effectiveness in either reducing symptoms or preventing relapse is minimal. Prognosis The course of schizophrenia varies immensely. Some people recover rapidly, while others experience problems for the rest of their life. It is thought that approximately 25% of patients recover after a single episode. About 60% of patients have acute episodes with stable periods in between and 15% of patients require prolonged treatment. In these people, and those experiencing acute episodes, there is an increased risk of suicide. For those no-longer needing in-patients care, on going out-patient support is often needed to avoid relapse. Prevention Schizophrenia cannot be prevented but the undesirable symptoms of the condition and relapse can be reduced....
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Schizophrenia Treatment - and psychosocial interventions...

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