Sociology of the Military Veteran

Sociology of the Military Veteran - Sociology of the...

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Sociology of the Military Veteran’s and the Criminal Justice System Introduction Nationally, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers a myriad of complex health services at 152 VA Medical Center's. Some of these services are justice-related services and approaches that involve the cooperation and partnership of the Criminal Justice System (CJS) and law enforcement. These services are provided at VA Medical Center's to facilitate reentry, support and advocacy services for incarcerated Veterans in state, county jail, community corrections and those released but still involved in the CJS. This reflects a paradigm shift within the VA, Court Systems, corrections and law enforcement in targeting how Veteran offenders are identified, afforded treatment, reenter and adjust to society. VA's are continuing to develop re- entry initiatives, justice coordinators and increased role within the Veteran's Court trend. This work enhances and does not replace the duties of the CJS in the transition of veteran prisoners to a productive life in the community and ensuring that these veterans receive timely services from VA to ensure a successful transition back to the community. Post-release, the VA provides the necessary services for eligible Veterans, other than what was provided in the institution. Impact In 2008, a study by the RAND Corporation found that about 1/5, 300,000 of the more than 1.6 million U.S. troops, witnessed combat action and reported symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and depression. Many of those veterans did not seek treatment for their problems, the study found. The ongoing OIF/OEF wars have yielded many veterans that return from war with incidences of substance abuse, partner relational domestic violence, PTSD, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), employment, depression, anxiety, suicide, suicidal ideations, redeployment and related issues. Many veterans encounter the CJS post-deployment or post-discharge and need a treatment alternative vs. incarceration. Some Veterans will not be afforded an alternative, like diversion, based upon the severity of their crime (e.g. murder, sex offender, rape, arson, etc). Veterans in this country appear to be overrepresented when it comes to psycho-social problems like, substance abuse, driving under the influence (DUI), higher rates of unemployment, assaults, intimate partner violence (IPV), family conflicts, homelessness episodes, suicides, PTSD and
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Sociology of the Military Veteran - Sociology of the...

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