Spina bifida - Spina bifida Spina bifida is a developmental...

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Spina bifida Spina bifida is a developmental congenital disorder caused by the incomplete closing of the embryonic neural tube. Some vertebrae overlying the spinal cord are not fully formed and remain unfused and open. Symptoms The symptoms of Spina bifida vary from a minimal tuft of hair around the lower lumbar spine to paraplegia, incontinence and hydrocephalus. The degree of symptoms is dependent on the severity of the condition. Spina bifida can be classified in the following ways:- Spina bifida occulta o In Spina bifida occulta the defect is hidden and rarely causes disability. Symptoms may include:- A skin dimple at the site of the vertebral defect A tuft of hair at the site of the vertebral defect o In a few cases the spinal cord can become tethered to the vertebral defect and as such can cause mobility difficulties and bladder dysfunction Spina bifida cystica o Spina bifida cystica is characterised by a visible sac or cyst on the back of the lower spine. Two types of defect exist:-
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Spina bifida - Spina bifida Spina bifida is a developmental...

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