Temporal arteritis

Temporal arteritis - • Weight loss • Anorexia Causes...

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Temporal arteritis Temporal Arteritis, or Giant Cell Arteritis, is an inflammatory disease of blood vessels most commonly involving large and medium arteries of the head. It is a form of vasculitis. Symptoms Symptoms of temporal arteritis include:- Headache (usually unilateral) Tenderness of the scalp Intermittent impaired vision, such as double vision Sudden visual loss in one eye Jaw claudication (pain in the jaw when chewing) Tongue claudication (pain in the tongue when chewing) Acute tinnitus (ringing in the ears) A quarter of patients also suffer from Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR), a condition which causes symmetrical pain and stiffness in the joints of the upper and lower girdles. Sometimes, patients with temporal arteritis have vague symptoms such as:- Tiredness Depression Prolonged fever
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Unformatted text preview: • Weight loss • Anorexia Causes The exact cause of temporal arteritis is unknown, but the disease is thought to be an abnormal immune response within the walls of the arteries. The same pathology is thought to cause PMR. Temporal arteritis and PMR are so closely linked that they are often considered to be different manifestations of the same disease process. Other diseases related with temporal arteritis are SLE, rheumatoid arthritis and severe infections. The loss of vision in temporal arteritis is caused by thrombosis of the blood vessels that supply the retina at the back of the eye. Intermittent symptoms of visual impairment and jaw claudication are caused by partial or reduced blood flow. There is no evidence to suggest that the condition is infectious....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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Temporal arteritis - • Weight loss • Anorexia Causes...

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