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Unformatted text preview: Acids and Bases Acids are proton (hydrogen ion) donors, and bases are proton acceptors. The pH Scale A neutral solution has an equal number of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions and a pH of 7.0. An acidic solution has more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions and a pH of less than 7.0. A basic solution has fewer hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions and a pH greater than 7.0. Salts A salt is formed when an acid reacts with a base. Buffers Buffers are chemicals that resist changes in pH when acids or bases are added. Inorganic Chemistry Inorganic chemistry is mostly concerned with noncarbon-containing substances, but does include such carbon-containing substances as carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Oxygen is involved with the extraction of energy from food molecules. Carbon dioxide is a by-product of the breakdown of food molecules....
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- Fall '10