The Endocrine Syste4

The Endocrine Syste4 - The Endocrine System Endocrine...

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The Endocrine System Endocrine System: a system of small glands scattered throughout the body that influences the metabolic activities of cells through hormones - Hormones: chemical messengers released to the blood by the cells of endocrine glands that regulate the metabolic activities of other cells in the body o Hormones signal target cells to perform specific chemical reactions Endocrine Glands: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal and thymus glands. - Organs with major functions outside the endocrine system containing endocrine tissue/cells: pancreas, gonads, hypothalamus (neuroendocrine organ) - Tissues that produce hormones also found within: adipose cells, small intestine, stomach, kidneys, heart Hormones: Amino acid-based hormones: contain from a couple to many amino acids… vary in size from simple amino acid derivatives (amines, thyroid hormone, peptides) to proteins (polypeptides) Steroid hormones: synthesized from cholesterol (includes hormones from the gonads and adrenal cortex (outer region of the adrenal gland))
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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The Endocrine Syste4 - The Endocrine System Endocrine...

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